Tuesday, November 20, 2012
What are Styes and Chalazia?
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
Styes and chalazia may be related to blepharitis, a common problem that causes inflammation of the eyelids.
As the stye grows, the eyelid becomes swollen and painful, and the eye may water.
Most styes swell for about 3 days before they break open and drain.
Styes usually heal in about a week.
A chalazion starts as a firm lump or cyst under the skin of the eyelid.
Unlike styes, chalazia often don't hurt.
Chalazia grow more slowly than styes. If a chalazion gets large enough, it may affect your vision.
The inflammation and swelling may spread to the area surrounding the eye.
Chalazia often go away in a few months without treatment.
How is a stye or chalazion diagnosed?
The SkyVision doctors can diagnose these problems by closely examining the eyelid. It may be hard to tell the difference between a stye and a chalazion. If there is a hard lump inside the eyelid, the doctor will probably diagnose it as a chalazion.
How are they treated?
Home treatment is all that is needed for most styes and chalazia.
Apply warm, wet compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 to 6 times a day. This usually helps the area heal faster. It may also help open a blocked pore so that it can drain and start to heal.
Use an over-the-counter treatment. Try an ointment, solution, or medicated pads.
Let the stye or chalazion open on its own. Don't squeeze or open it.
Don't wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the area has healed.
If a stye is not getting better with home treatment, talk to one of the SkyVision docs. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eyedrops. You may need to take antibiotic pills if infection has spread to the eyelid or eye.
If a stye or chalazion gets very large, the doctor may need to pierce (lance) it so it can drain and heal. Do not try to lance it yourself.
How can you prevent styes and chalazia?
Don't rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and let in bacteria. If you need to touch your eyes, wash your hands first.
Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution when you can. For example, wear safety glasses when you do dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.
Replace eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.
If you get styes or chalazia often, wash your eyelids regularly with a little bit of baby shampoo mixed in warm water.
Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid promptly. This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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